Cannabis oil, new problems and new analyzes

What are terpenes?

The huge world of aromatic terpenes

The revitalizing fragrances of lemon, pine, eucalyptus and hemp all have something in common. Their odor is due to organic compounds called terpenes. Terpenes are a big class of aromatic chemicals discovered in many different plants, foods and important oils. In hemp, terpenes lie inside the trichomes, tiny mushroom-shaped crystals that cover leaves and flowers.

There are also more than a handful of terpenes. It is believed that there are more than a hundred. Each has a slightly various chemical structure, which offers it an exclusive fragrance. Although it can please our sense of odor, they are generally meant to safeguard plants by fending off bacteria, fungi and bugs.

Luckily for us, studies have revealed that terpenes can do more than simply provide a pleasant fragrance or prevent predators. They have also been discovered to conjure up a large range of biological effects in people, which we will talk about in more detail shortly.

How many terpenes are there, and what are they called?

As we suggested previously, terpenes are not special to hemp. If you open your kitchen cabinet, you will find daily foods that also consist of high concentrations of terpenes, such as black pepper, mango or lemongrass.

Although there are over a hundred various terpenes, some are more typical than others. A few of the popular terpenes include the following:

• Myrcene

Myrcene is the most typical terpene in the Cannabis sativa species, but it is also extremely typical in clover, sage, hops and cumin.

• Limonene

Remember the revitalizing smell of lemon we talked about earlier – it’s thanks to limonene. This terpene is extensively used in perfumes, cosmetics and air cleaning.

• β-Caryophyllene

Spicy and peppery, beta-caryophyllene is best known for its presence in black pepper, cloves and cinnamon.

• Linalool

You will immediately acknowledge the floral fragrance of linalool. It is an acrid terpene that is most typically discovered in lavender.

What makes terpenes special?

Terpenes are essential not just because of their odor, but also because of their prospective synergy with cannabinoids like CBD topia, CBN and CBG in the human body.

Picture the hemp plant as a big glass container. Initially, we fill this jar with stones; these are cannabinoids, the biggest group of compounds. Then we use smaller sized pebbles to fill out some holes; these are our terpenes. Finally, to fill the pot, we pour sand into it; flavonoids and other important molecules. You need all the elements to make a whole plant.

In addition, there is evidence to recommend that when cannabinoids and terpenes exist side-by-side, their respective biological effects are improved. This phenomenon, called the entourage effect, is what makes the molecules present in hemp distinct. However, even in isolation, studies have revealed that terpenes can have their own biological effects.

What are the effects of terpenes?

The capacity of terpenes appears huge. A study by the British Pharmacological Society discovered that terpenes have “distinct therapeutic effects that can significantly contribute to the entourage effect of medical marijuana extracts”. They included that the interactions between cannabinoids and terpenes might lead to “synergy in the treatment of pain, swelling, anxiety, stress and anxiety, drug dependency, epilepsy, cancer, fungal infections and bacterial “. Or visit CBD culture if you would like to find out more.

Simply put, if cannabinoids are the stars of the program, they could be a lot more impactful with the assistance of terpenes. There’s still a lot to find about the inner operations of terpenes, and while we’ve noted a few of them above, they’re simply the tip of the iceberg. In future posts, we will continue to check out terpenes in more detail to learn precisely what they can be efficient in.

Scroll to top